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Proclamation de l'abolition de la monarchie Proclamation Proposition d'abolition Lorsue le dput de Paris Jean Marie Collot d'Herbois proposa l'abolition il rencontra peu de rsistance; tout au plus Claude Basire ami de Georges Jacues Danton essaya de temprer l'enthousiasme recommandant une discussion avant toute dcision Cependant l'abb Henri Grgoire vue constitutionnel de Blois rpond fermement toute suggestion de ABOLITION | meaning in the Cambridge English abolition definition the act of ending an activity or custom officially the act of ending an activity or custom Learn The Main Argument of The Abolition of Man | The Abolition of Man ch The Abolition of Man first appeared in the form of a series of lectures at King’s College Newcastle upon Tyne now part of the University of Durham The lectures were delivered in February and published in book form late in that year The Abolition of Man Summary and Study Guide | The Abolition of Man Summary and Study Guide Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “The Abolition of Man” by C S Lewis A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes SuperSummary offers high uality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes characters uotes and essay topics Abolition of the Slave Trade ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE BY THE s the horrors of the slave trade were finally becoming evident especially to the citizens of England So in the United Kingdom outlawed the African slave trade and in the United States followed suit However a problem with the US slave trade law was its lack of punishment for violators who only faced a semi stiff fine So in The Abolition of Whiteness An altar call for the This call for abolition was not for an adoption of color blindness It was counterintuitively the exact opposite White folks he argued must begin to actually see themselves as white Richard The Abolition of Labour in Marx's Teachings Uri The abolition of instrumental production is defined as the abolition of labour in The German Ideology and Grundrisse or less often as the abolition of industry Abschaffung der Industrie or liberation from industry as in the manuscript On Friedrich List's Book The National System of Political Economy For Marx the model for such new productive activity which is not labour Nuit du aot — Wikipdia La nuit du aot ou simplement nuit du Aot est la sance de l'Assemble nationale constituante au cours de lauelle fut vote la suppression des privilges fodauxDbute mardi le aot sept heures du soir elle se prolonge aprs minuit jusu' deux heures du matin C'est un vnement fondamental de la Rvolution franaise puisue au The Abolition of the Burning of Women in England The abolition of burning altogether so easily shunted aside in was fully conceded no later than May when – despite having no legal obligation to do so – the Home Secretary recommended that Girton’s execution be delayed until after the new bill had been enacted That this change came about so swiftly and irresistibly must principally be attributed to the widespread disgust Le plan d'un bateau ngrier symbole du mouvement Le mouvement gagne les clubs et l’chelon populaire et se rorganise en en Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade l’abolition de la traite est l’objectif concret choisi pour dstabiliser la pratiue de l’esclavage D’emble le mouvement se veut international comme l’est la traite elle mme Fond sur une large base populaire il cherche diffuser Abolitionist Movement Definition Famous The abolitionist movement was the effort to end slavery led by famous abolitionists like Frederick Douglass Harriet Tubman Sojourner Truth and John Brown abolition of the Traduction en franais exemples Traductions en contexte de abolition of the en anglais franais avec Reverso Context abolition of the death penalty of the abolition the abolition of slavery the abolition of capital punishment the abolition of one Traduction en franais exemples Traductions en contexte de the abolition of one en anglais franais avec Reverso Context The staffing level proposed for includes the abolition of one General Service post for the abolition of Traduction franaise – Linguee De trs nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant for the abolition of – Dictionnaire franais anglais et moteur de recherche de traductions franaises The Abolition of Britain Wikipedia Colin Kaepernick The Demand for Abolition | LEVEL Abolition now Abolition is a means to create a future in which justice and liberation are fundamental to realizing the full humanity of communities Practices of abolitionists are focused on harm reduction public health and the well being of people Demands to defund the police and prisons are one of the ways to first realize the goals of investing in people and divesting from punishment Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade La Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade Socit pour l'abolition de la traite des esclaves ou The Society for the Abolition of the Slave Trade est un ancien groupe abolitionniste britanniue form le mai Londres La Socit travaillait pour duuer le public sur les abus de la traite ngrire aidant ainsi a l'abolition de la traite internationale Proclamation de l'abolition de la monarchie Proclamation Proposition d'abolition Lorsue le dput de Paris Jean Marie Collot d'Herbois proposa l'abolition il rencontra peu de rsistance; tout au plus Claude Basire ami de Georges Jacues Danton essaya de temprer l'enthousiasme recommandant une discussion avant toute dcision Cependant l'abb Henri Grgoire vue constitutionnel de Blois rpond fermement toute ABOLITION | meaning in the Cambridge English abolition definition the act of ending an activity or custom officially the act of ending an activity or custom Learn Abolition of the Slave Trade ABOLITION OF THE SLAVE TRADE BY THE s the horrors of the slave trade were finally becoming evident especially to the citizens of England So in the United Kingdom outlawed the African slave trade and in the United States followed suit However a problem with the US slave trade law was its lack of punishment for violators who only faced a semi stiff fine Le plan d'un bateau ngrier symbole du mouvement Le mouvement gagne les clubs et l’chelon populaire et se rorganise en en Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade l’abolition de la traite est l’objectif concret choisi pour dstabiliser la pratiue de l’esclavage D’emble le mouvement se veut international comme l’est la traite elle mme Fond sur une large base populaire il cherche diffuser The Abolition of Man Summary and Study Guide | The Abolition of Man Summary and Study Guide Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “The Abolition of Man” by C S Lewis A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes SuperSummary offers high uality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes characters uotes and essay topics The Abolition of the Burning of Women in England The abolition of burning altogether so easily shunted aside in was fully conceded no later than May when – despite having no legal obligation to do so – the Home Secretary recommended that Girton’s execution be delayed until after the new bill had been enacted That this change came about so swiftly and irresistibly must principally be attributed to the The Abolition of Woman How Radical Feminism Is Abolition of Woman is a rallying cry to feminists to stand with the pro life movement fighting to build a society in which women are eual and every human life is protected Inspire a love of reading with Prime Book Box for Kids Discover delightful children's books with Prime Book Box a subscription that delivers new books every or months — new customers receive % off The Abolition of Labour in Marx's Teachings Uri The abolition of instrumental production is defined as the abolition of labour in The German Ideology and Grundrisse or less often as the abolition of industry Abschaffung der Industrie or liberation from industry as in the manuscript On Friedrich List's Book The National System of Political Economy For Marx the model for such new productive activity which is not The Abolition of Whiteness An altar call for the This call for abolition was not for an adoption of color blindness It was counterintuitively the exact opposite White folks he argued must begin to actually see themselves as white Richard CS Lewis Scientism And The Abolition Of Man MD Aeschliman’s The Restoration of Man C S Lewis and the Continuing Case Against Scientism has recently been republished in an updated new edition by Discovery Institute Press and in French translation by Pierre Tui in France Seventy five years ago today in that momentous year C S Lewis published the third and final volume in his series of three


10 thoughts on “The Abolition of Man

  1. says:

    When things get bad I take out the bourbon When as occasionally happens time drags on and things don't get any better I put the bourbon away and take out C S Lewis His books are short readable and filled with an uncanny amount of wisdom His genius and the reason he's always been a comfort to me lies in his ability to convince me that the world as it appears to be the world that seems so oppressive is not the whole story The lifeline of depression the fuel from which it draws all of its power is the mind's misguided belief that it is able to encompass the complete truth about past present and future C S Lewis invites the mind into a conversation using humor commonplace observations and logic He welcomes you into a warm place like visiting your grandparents at Christmas when you were eight years old He takes hold of the worldview that led you to him With gentle honest understanding hands he wraps his palms around the neck of that worldview and proceeds to strangle it until it is dead dead deadLewis is known as a Christian writer Most people I know want absolutely nothing to do with Christianity to the extent that for example a friend of mine told me that despite my fervent recommendation he refused to listen to anything by Leonard Cohen because he heard he sang about religion Though this particular book is not about Christianity if you are of the camp that really doesn't want to hear the first word from someone who is religious you may find this book annoying Be forewarnedThe book is divided into three sections The first Men Without Chests begins with an example taken from a grade school grammar textbook In the example the authors of the textbook imply that there are no sublime things in the world only feelings of sublimity within us There is nothing that really deserves respect or castigation no right responses or ways of thinking about things there is only opinionAgainst this idea Lewis brings to bear the moral and ethical traditions of basically every culture that has ever existed He lists all the rather startling similarities between for example Confucianism Greek culture Hinduism and Jewish and Christian moral tradition I'm talking about things like finding joy in children having reverence for old people respecting your neighbor being courageous helping those less fortunate protecting your family and not lying about other people for your own gain In fact in a long appendix at the end of the book Lewis takes each of these ideas and gives examples of it in a myriad of different cultures throughout historyLewis calls this group of ethical ideas The Tao And it is at this point that the book gets really startling First these ideas are of a dual nature They are somehow natural to man exemplified by their reappearance throughout history yet at the same time they must be taught from one generation to the next I see this in my three year old son Through great effort again and again I try to teach him to respect other people Not to for example hit other people when he is angry The behavior I'm trying to teach is most emphatically not what comes naturally to himYet even in my own personal example I can see the duality Lewis talks about What arguments can I make to dissuade him from hitting someone out of anger? If you do it and I see you I will punish you? But that's not an argument against doing it it's an argument against getting caught How would you like it if someone did that to you? But we're not talking about someone doing that to him we're talking about him doing it to someone else He pointed this out by the wayIn the end and it has taken me uite a bit of thought to understand this I have to actually convince him that it's wrong And this is something different than logical argument In order to do it there must be some latent sense ofwhat? Justice? Proportion? Something that already exists within him that my words can latch on to Something already within him that the word wrong speaks to So the duality is there present in the facts that I a have to teach him this and b can only make him really understand it and feel it by appealing to something which he already possesses and carries with him The main point is this the idea of what one ought to do cannot be brought before the judge of logic Lewis made me realize that the word ought used so often in our culture is in fact one of the strangest words ever What does it really mean?Fortunately and here comes another startling argument from Lewis great thinkers like Aristotle and Plato have already thought over this idea What is ought? Whatever it is it's the same thing it comes from the same place in our thoughts or our bodies that our appreciation of good art comes from The organ used to judge beauty is one and the same as the organ that tells you what you ought to doWhen I read this I almost couldn't believe it Of course I've heard this argument before I remember writing What the fuck are you talking about? in the margins of my copy of Plato's dialogues when he brought up much the same argument At the time I thought it was completely ridiculous But reading it now in the present it seemed startlingly trueI thought back to some of the times I've had a strong sense of ought Years ago exhausted and tired my girlfriend and I were driving home from a late night movie Rounding the curve of a deserted Austin freeway at three in the morning our car passed a lone truck sitting still by the side of the road rammed into one of those gargantuan streetlights they've put up every 100 feet or so The streetlight had broken at its base and fallen directly on top of the cab of the truck In the compressed seconds after the image of the truck flashed by the following thoughts went through my mind I ought to pull over this car run over there and do what I can to help I don't have a cell phone I don't have any medical training There's nothing I can do I'm really tired Somebody else with a cell phone will be along in a minute or two Could I really make any kind of difference? What if there's a lot of blood and I have to take him to the hospital? I don't even know if there's anybody in that truckWhile all these thoughts were going on in my head my stomach was fluttering with worry But in betweenin between my stomach and my head there was another place the chest What we often refer to as the heart While one part of me was fluttering with emotion and another part was dithering with logic this third part spoke its solution with an almost harmonic simplicity I mean that though my chest my heart spoke a single answer it felt as if this answer were made of a number of unified objects or notes or ideas Like when someone strikes an e major on a well tuned guitarThat I think is the ought that Lewis is talking about And he is right it does come from the chest It is the chest Compare this to the experience of viewing something really beautiful such as a cathedral or sculpture or a vast rock wall full of shades and contrast carved out over centuries by falling water Lewis claims that you will realize perhaps to your surprise that the two feelings come from exactly the same organThe I read of books written from the 1900s onward the I become convinced that we are all in the middle of a fierce debate that started somewhere around that time and that continues on to this day This debate is over the future of mankind the meaning of progress and in the end what it means to be human The remainder of the book concerns this debate During Lewis's time eugenics was popular One hopes that the current reader will regard as Lewis did the concept with great distaste But however unpopular eugenics may be at the moment Lewis points out that it is the concepts and philosophical ideas behind eugenics that are what are truly hideous Any vision of a perfect utopian society or of any real progression toward it must hold somewhere within its core whether acknowledged or not the idea that people must be changed People must be made better And the only way to do this in the end is to strike at the heart the chest inside each person The only way is to attempt to change that organ that function that I have been trying to describeThis is the meaning of the title of the book Lewis argues that the essence of what man is can be found in that organ in the chest the heart And in order to achieve utopia men in power are than willing to modify dull or if necessary rip out the heart in order to achieve their goal And when they do so they will discover to their perhaps horror that what they have left is not a man at allExamples of this kind of coerced modification of the chest can be listed endlessly To use the media to present something as ugly which people never thought of as ugly before Or to make people think of certain other people as weak and diseased who are not Or to deliberately try to make people afraid out of all proportion to what they have to fear Or to attempt to redefine what people ought to do based on the recommendations of some experts Or to paint some people as corrupt and evil and as the cause of the problems of societyIn the end the ugliness comes from looking at another person and judging them judging the ought they have come to within themselves That after all is what you are doing every time you say you need to make a person or group of people better As it is this would just be ugliness But when the massive power and coercion of the state becomes involved as it always seems to then the ugliness turns into something much much worse The course of history over the last century will provide plenty of examples all provided courtesy of people whose goal was to make mankind better Of course now that we all recognize how horrific all of that was we are no longer engaged in the business of making people better We are no longer involved in using the pronouncements of doctors scientists famous people and intellectuals to dictate through force or influence what people ought to do or how they ought to think Nor do we disparage those with ideas different from the common culture Nor does society lean on businesses artists and families to believe and behave in certain ways Now we recognize that a diverse vibrant society takes all kinds of viewpoints As long as none of those viewpoints profess or seem to profess any wrong ideas all voices are welcome We invite everyone to join in the national discussion about which of the many new laws being proposed are the best ones to get people to behave like they ought to and to move our society into a better futureAs if all this weren't enough content for a rather flimsy paperback there is yet another startling argument that Mr Lewis makes He calls our attention to the nature of science Accepting that science has certainly given us many wonderful things can we say anything about what exactly science is?Science is a way of looking at material objects in which we deliberately dismiss some aspects of those objects Not only spiritual or emotional aspects but also even physical aspects that are not of concern to the nature of our inuiry In science we deliberately blind ourselves to the whole of something in order to better understand some part of it Many would argue perhaps truthfully that a clear understanding of the parts leads to a better understanding of the whole Certainly a clearer understanding of the parts allows us in many cases to manipulate the wholeThrough a really inspired comparison of Bacon's New Organon to Goethe's Faust Mr Lewis argues that in doing this we are making a kind of deal The result will be increased ability to get the stuff we want medicines airplanes cheap food leisure time sex without pregnancy And what are we giving up to get all this stuff that we want? Are we giving up anything?Before I read this book my answer would have been No What could we possibly be giving up? Now I'm not so sureMr Lewis states emphatically that he is not anti science He just wants us to be clear about what we are doing when we embrace science whole heartedly I think that's fair If we pretend we are not making a choice when in fact we are then somewhere down the line a point is going to arise when there are conseuences that we didn't realize I think that time is now I think the fact that we have made this choice and we didn't realize we were making a choice at all has resulted in many of the conflicting views in our current societyWhat are we giving up? We are giving up our view of the whole object the object with all of its philosophical emotional and spiritual aspects intact This is in actuality the object as it appears to us before we apply the scalpel of science to it Yes science can help us find out things but only by a deliberate destruction in our minds and often in physical reality of the whole of the thingTake the following story as an example In college during a cat dissection my partner and I were working on the large intestine The room smelled of formaldehyde and our cat was stretched on a stainless steel table his four paws tied with rope to allow us the easiest access to cut into his chest cavity Our lab assistant came over Oh let me show you this he said We stood back He gathered the intestines in his hand and plopped them out onto the table beside the cat's body There was a thin membrane covering them which he proceeded to pull off and stretch out It stretched like a balloon him pulling the transparent membrane between his hands There were blue and red vessels colored with some kind of dye they'd put into the cat running through the membrane that reminded me of scraggly branches of treesHe held the membrane up still stretched between his fingers I saw his face on the other side of the membrane staring at the criss crossing vessels Isn't it absolutely beautiful? he saidIt was beautiful But suddenly I was hit with the strangeness of what we were doing That membrane was never meant to be stretched out like that between someone's hands in a lab room Those veins were never meant to be that color That cat whatever he was whatever personality he had was gone forever The cat as he had been presented to the world a living organism with certain habits and tendencies in fact a uniue thing in all the history of the world had been destroyed This was done so that we could learn something that ostensibly was about all cats and was about ourselves as well how the organs in mammals functionI am not against dissections I'm glad I did it and I would do it again My only point is that a choice was made Our minds were made to focus on certain aspects of the cat at the expense of othersMr Lewis asks whether we don't lose some of our essential humanness in viewing things in this way Do a dissection once and you might think about the things I thought about Do it a thousand times and what happens?I chose a cat dissection as my example because I thought it might carry weight with modern readers distant as they are from slaughterhouses But Mr Lewis is actually talking about every aspect of science I doubt anyone who reads this has performed a thousand dissections But I would wager that there are things that everyone including myself who has grown up in our science worshipping culture has thought about only scientifically a thousand times a thousand times And Mr Lewis argues I think rightly that this must have the same effectI read this book four times thought about it for weeks and tried to boil down what I thought about it into something succinct Obviously I was unable to do so Looking back over the review now I see that I have for example neglected Mr Lewis's incredibly profound statement that all that we think of as evil is simply the good of a part of The Tao magnified in importance so that it dwarfs all the other aspects of The Tao That thought alone is worth the price of admissionThere are probably five other main points of the book like this points that I have missed This book is simply too full of interesting points for any review of mine to do it justice Five stars


  2. says:

    Excellent Read various times Just listened to an audio version in the fall of 2015 Although I have read this book multiple times the last time through on audio I noticed that the last section contained layers I had not ever really understood I listened to it again Jan 2016 with that in mind and yep definite layers This book is deepListened to it again in October of 2016 And yet again in July of 2017


  3. says:

    I have so many uotes marked from this book that I might as well just memorize the entire thing This book alone introduced me to the writings of CS Lewis and I am forever indebted to perceptions Virtue as he defines it is the ability to recognize what is true good and beautiful To be able to admit that something has valueDifficult in our worldHow did we get to the point that recognizing the goodness or beauty in something or someone else makes us feel as though part of our own soul is being worn away? So backwards


  4. says:

    Assigned in Ralph Wood's Oxford Christians class at Baylor Fall 2014 Assigned for certain faculty at Regent 2019–20Excellent Lewis said that this was his favorite book of his non fiction writings The Green Book is Lewis's way of referring to Alex King and Martin Ketley's The Control of Language A Critical Approach to Reading and Writing Abolition is the nonfiction version of That Hideous Strength see here for some connections See Plodcast Episode #6 where Wilson recommends reading Lewis's Discarded Image or the condensed article in Studies in Medieval and Renaissance Literature and Planet NarniaHere's a helpful link for uotes and allusions in this book See here for Latin uses in AoM See Mark Ward's review here TGC has some helpful drawings Audio available hereAlternate title Reflections on education with special reference to the teaching of English in the upper forms of schoolsBook epigraph from Confucius Analects II16 The Master said He who sets to work on a different strand destroys the whole fabricCh 1 Men without Chestsepigraph from the 1415c medieval poemcarol Unto us is born a son So he Herod sent the word to slay And slew the little childer — interesting to ask who is Herod and who are the children and what is being done to them1 issue of elementary textbooks; charitable reading also pp 4–5 11 13—authors didn't intend harm but CSL doesn't have anything good to say about them2 Gaius and Titius GT and The Green Book2 uotation of Coleridge waterfall is sublime or pretty — GT say comments about the waterfall's sublimity are only statements of personal feelingsemotions but not objective fitting comments on reality3–4 This practice leads to absurdities If someone says You are contemptible should we take such a comment as reflective of reality or only that the person feels that way?4–5 Young readers are taught two things 1 predicates of value convey the emotional state of the speaker and 2 such statements are not important 1' Students will extend such a lesson to other predicates of value whether or not the authors of such predicates desire their comments to be indicative of their personal emotional state 2' The use of only emphasizes the unimportance of the feelingemotion4–5 The GT lesson isn't stated explicitly but it's teaching conditioning students nonetheless6–7 example of bad advertisement writing; missed opportunity to put bad writing next to good writing eg Johnson Wordsworth and show why bad writing is bad hard to do p 138–9 The effect is that students are taught to debunk lofty emotions evoked by nature debunking language continues throughout the chapter Such emotions are contrary to reason and contemptible9 two ways to avoid the effect of such bad travel ads 1 have real sensibility or 2 be a trousered ape cf political ad those immune are true patriots and cowards cf a Joel Osteen book those immune are solid Christians and atheists; GT are cutting out the student's soul10–11 similar debunking example with horses by Orbilius; those immune are lovers of horses and the urban blockhead11–12 GT probably weren't trying to completely sweep away traditional values12–13 propagation vs propaganda see p 2312–14 GT have unintentionally slipped into propaganda because 1 explaining why bad writing is bad is difficult; 2 they think the world is too swayed by emotional propaganda Lewis people need to be rescued from emotional propaganda and rescued from cold vulgarity not being awakened to noble emotions; don't starve students of good emotions; and 3 they don't believe that sentiments are reasonable see pp 19–2013 14 The task of the modern educator is not to cut down jungles but to irrigate deserts The right defence against false sentiments is to inculcate just sentiments A hard heart is no infallible protection against a soft head Lewis believes that the debunking of GT's textbook hardens students' hearts See the Herod epigraph14–19 digression on how GT and their educational predicament are different from earlier educators; earlier educators believed that emotional reactions could be consonant with reality other words Lewis uses are congruous merit just ordinate appropriate due according to participation harmony conform reasonable fits agreement in accord thru p 2116–17 Augustine on virtue as ordered loves ordo amoris; Aristotle on education liking what one ought to like; Plato's Republic training is necessary to hate the ugly and love the beautiful17 Hinduism's India Rta the order revealed in the cosmos morality and temple ceremonies; connect with satyatruth correspondence to reality18 The Law is true Ps 119151; see note 19 on pp 104–05 emeth18 19 Chinese Tao the Way—Ch 2; Lewis takes all talk of objective values Plato Aristotle Stoicism Christianity Hinduism Taoism and calls it the Tao; emotional responses should be in accord with nature the heart should obey the head19–21 For GT feelings and facts heart and head confront one another and no rapprochement is possible The educational predicamentproblem is that GT stand without the Tao instead of within it21 The task of education from within the Tao is to train students to have appropriate responses Those without on the outside of the Tao must either debunk the sentiments or else make up another reason for the response see the following example21 22 example of a Roman father teaching his son that it's objectively sweet and fitting ducle et decorum to die for one's country also p 30—GT can't agree in principle either they debunk the emotion or else they must say that the emotion is useful but not objectively true—see p 2123 oldtraditional education initiates to reality propagation; newmodern education conditions propaganda; GT actually fit with the debunking they don't like propaganda24–26 training in virtue; even if GT could justify virtues theoretically the virtues need to be integrated by training into the intellect and emotions so that in real life situations virtue is just what comes out by instinct; Plato's Republic deals with the reason spirit appetite relationship The head rules the belly through the chest; just head mere spirit and just belly mere animal—humans have the middlechest part which makes them distinct from spirits and animals; GT produce Men without Chests the humanizing part26 famous gelding uote we demand virtues from adults in society yet we let GT teach our kidsCh 2 The Way27 Accepting GT's education will practically result in the destruction of society although this in itself isn't iron clad proof that it's wrong But there are theoretical difficulties with GT too Ajax prayer to Zeus in Iliad Book 1727 28 As subjective at GT seem they still ironically want to produce a certain thinking in their pupils at least for practical purposes if not transcendentobjective ones28–29 GT clearly want their readers to agree with them not simply to conclude that the book is a collection of GT's subjective emotions GT clearly approve and disapprove of certain values see n1 on pp 105–06 Their skepticism of values therefore is shallow because they hold to values in the background See pp 105–06n1 for lists of what GT approvedisapprove of29ff Lewis will speculate about what would happen if emotion and religion really were stripped away CSL's method is very presuppositional in that he pushes the presuppositions what's in the background to their logical conclusions See p 72 where's he's explicit about this process30–32 Lewis keeps the death for a good cause topic to make his point remember that AoM was published in 1943 during WWII and he supposes that an Innovator sarcastic strips away emotionssentiments to get to the ground of particular values But when you strip away the sentiments no motivation is left; it's no or less rational to resist sacrificing oneself than to consent to sacrifice oneself You can't move from a factual proposition to a conclusion without a mediating ought; the indicativeis doesn't automatically imply the imperativedo see p 3732 The only way around this problem for all of us is to acknowledge that oughts can be rational; the only alternative is to abandon the search for a rational motivation the Innovator has set out to destroy the first option so he is likely to choose this second option33ff Instinct33 The Innovator rejects a rational core in favor of Instinct as a basis for ethical oughts This along with contraceptives paves the way for a new sexual morality34 Instinct doesn't really explain anything If it's innate and widely felt we don't need The Green Book to tell us to do what's inevitable see pp 106–09 for Lewis's objections to I A Richards's argument that we can construct a value system based on satisfying impulses35–36 The same problem exists with Instinct There's no ought Even the Innovator has to agree that some impulses ones destructive to society should be controlled We should obey each instinct just as we should obey each person—that is to say we have no reason to Additionally we can't follow each instinct because some of them conflict So how do we choose without an arbitrator distinct from Instinct? See pp 106–09n2 for objections to I A Richards's theory of value based on satisfying impulses37 If our deepest instincts are actually something external that gives instincts value then the project to discover value that is derived from itself has failed If our deepest instincts are just the ones we feel strongly about then it's just a feeling that has little significance We're at the same dilemma p 32 either there's an outside imperative or we're stuck with the indicative See pp 109–11 for Lewis's application of his argument to Waddington's attempt to base value on fact whatever occurs is valuable; existence is its own justification Basically Waddington would have to approve of traitors uislings and Nazi puppets men of Vichy Lewis references Johnson's Rasselas37–39 Lewis uestions whether we even have an instinct to care for posterity or preserve the species Most of us are concerned with self preservation or immediate family preservation species preservation is too abstract39 repeated statement that neither factual propositions see p 31 nor Instinct see p 33 provide a basis for a system of values39 Confucius Jesus and Locke all say things consistent with the Tao39–40 analogy practical principles re posterity society within the Tao the world of action axioms the world of theory40 If nothing is self evident nothing can be proved Similarly if nothing is obligatory for its own sake nothing is obligatory at all41 Ironically any attack of the Tao objective truths reuires some reliance on it or else the attack is baseless See Wilson's debate with Hitchens An atheist can't complain that religion is evil because an atheist has no basis for evil By what standard does an atheist call anything evil?41–43 The Innovator outside the Tao has no warrant for picking and choosing some values feeding and clothing people while debunking others justice honor43 Other names for the Tao include Natural Law Traditional Morality etc43–44 The Tao is the only source of value judgments and any attempt to raise a new system ideology is simply borrowing from the Tao Ideological rebellion against the Tao is like branches rebelling against the tree to succeed is to fail44–46 Not all traditional morality is correct but criticism and confronting contradictions must occur from within the system organicadvance not from without surgicalinnovation46–47 Moving from a Confucian teaching to a Christian one is appropriate Discarding everything for Nietzschean nihilism is absurd From within the Tao itself comes the only authority to modify the Tao48 An open mind is useful only for non ultimate things Outside the Tao there is no ground for criticizing either the Tao or anything else48–49 No one can demand that the Tao provide credentials Foundational things don't have foundations49–50 CSL isn't trying to prove theism; he's making a logical point that ultimate values are absolute—there's nothing below them that provide of a foundation50–51 The penultimate paragraph is a uestion CSL poses from a modern perspective it's not Lewis proposing this The proposition is that the human conscience may be like anything else useful to a point in human history but eventually bypass able51 CSL will address this position in the final lecture Ch 3See the rest of the review here


  5. says:

    This is a very short but pithy book with actually only 113 pages and only the first 81 of those make up the main body of the text; the rest are the Appendix and end notes mostly documenting sources The three main chapters are the texts of the three Riddell Memorial Lectures delivered on successive evenings in February 1943 at the Univ of Durham's King's College It's sub titled Reflections on education with special reference to the teaching of English in the upper forms of schools starts with a critiue of some aspects of a 1939 British high school textbook The Control of Language A Critical Approach to Reading and Writing although Lewis didn't name the book and is cataloged by most US libraries that have it with books about education However the real focus is on fundamental philosophical uestions of value and morality which of course necessarily underlie whatever approach one takes to education but which underlie every other aspect of human life as wellBy 1943 the British intellectual establishment like their counterparts everywhere else in the Western world had pretty much totally embraced the view that the concept of right and wrong has no objective validity and that human emotional affective responses to persons things or situations in the world are purely biochemically determined reactions with no legitimacy apart from whatever evolutionary survival value they might have or formerly have had for the human species as a whole The task of education and of social engineering generally in this view is to systematically debunk transcendent ethical values and whatever emotions support them Lewis' message here is a root and branch rejection of this view and a thumbnail case for debunking the would be debunkers Since the establishment consensus in 2020 is the same as it was in 1943 with the only differences being that it now has if anything political power less willingness to tolerate opposition and the benefit of nearly 80 years of time to further its mission of social and cultural demolition it's clear that the debate set forth here is as relevant as everBasically to paraphrase and condense the contents of these lectures in my own words Lewis' contention is that there is an underlying Natural Law of right and wrong wholesome human relations and appropriate response to the beauty and majesty of the natural world and universe the existence of which can not be demonstrated by reason though it is not contrary to reason but which rather has to form the first axiom of moral reasoning and which is intuitively perceptible by the inborn human conscience This has a similarity as Lewis recognizes to instinct the existence of which his opponents admit but transcends the idea of purely biochemical instinct for evolutionary survival value This Natural Law which Lewis here as he does sometimes elsewhere calls the Tao has been recognized as valid throughout human history by cultures around the world with considerable unanimity as to its basic concepts Whether or not this Tao derives ultimately from Divine revelation although Lewis himself believed it did as he asserts in other writings is immaterial; the important thing is that it exists as the bedrock postulate of reality however you explain it and conveys information about moral truth that we neglect at our perilIn his novel Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep Philip K Dick suggests that the basic difference between his androids and humans is that the latter can feel genuine empathy for their fellow humans and other living creatures while androids can not Though they're very different writers writing decades apart Lewis here is saying something similar Natural feelings of love pity respect reverence family affection patriotism tempered by general fellow feeling for all humans delight in beauty are the things that make us truly human so than the dispassionate operations of our reason and which mediate the demands of reason to our bodies which by themselves wouldn't be anything but animal Annihilating human capacity for these kinds of emotions produces men without chests alluding to the idea of the heart as the seat of emotion and really would for all practical purposes mean the abolition of Man as genuinely human He's using Man here generically of male and female humankind and all readers in 1943 would have taken it that way He also suggests that the social engineering that brings about the creation of such post humans is not an elevation of humanity in general but simply an elevation of the engineers to absolute power which according to their own principles would be exercised without ethical values This main body of the text is very rigorously reasoned and can be demanding to followThe Appendix is a roughly 19 page collection of uotations from around the world drawn from a variety of cultures and representing sources ranging from ancient to modern roughly topical in organization designed to illustrate the universality of the Tao The uotations are not intended to be comprehensive Three of these are taken from American Indian sources and what cost the book a star in my rating is that the cultural source of these is identified as Redskin Wikipedia has a very comprehensive discussion of the etymology and use of the term and its gradual pejoration in the 19th and early 20th centuries here I do not think Lewis consciously intended the term as a slur and it was not apparently as pejorative in British as in American English at this time But it was still a slangy term not normally used in formal contexts as it is here and as such I think reflects a lack of respect This would have been general among British intellectuals on both the Right and the Left in 1943 some of whom still advocated the extermination of inferior races for which Lewis to his credit called them out elsewhere and his opponents at the time had no objection to it; but it's nevertheless objectionable to meNote The Goodreads description of this edition states that it's Permanently unavailable owing to copyright issues Since it was originally published in 1943 which under the terms of current US copyright law aka the Mickey Mouse Protection Act would presumptively remove it from the public domain I'm guessing these issues would have been the result of some lawsuit against the publisher Harper However the terms of whatever verdict or settlement was reached presumably wouldn't have reuired the surrender of copies sold before the suit took place One of these was donated to the Bluefield College library in 2016 and was the one that I read As an author albeit in a small way and a librarian I support reasonable copyright protections I don't consider perpetual copyright reasonable and I doubt that Lewis would have either


  6. says:

    I've meant to read this for a long time The edition of this I read had both The Great Divorce and The Abolition of Man The Great Divorce is one of my all time favorite books of any genre This book is also excellent though of a totally different typeThis book willdoes reuire multiple readings if we want to get the most out of it Also considering when this book was written 1943 then looking at the world today and seeing how things have progressed it could be eye opening and even a bit frighteningI can recommend it highly I will not try to lay out what the book is about and the premise of the book I could never do it justice CSLewis wasis a gift to humankind and I'd really recommend his writings not be missedThink you disagree because you're and atheist? I humbly suggest you actually read his writings and see if you disagree After all CSLewis was at one time a confirmed atheist alsouote from Surprised by Joy A young man who wishes to remain a sound atheist cannot be too careful of his reading C S Lewis


  7. says:

    How could I have done an Arts degree without reading this book? Lewis was a genius and everything he writes here feels indescribably relevant to the present time I had goosebumps while reading itSo many voices call for the abandonment of all value systems except their own wishing somehow to 'free' society from the laws that have governed it only to impose their own arbitrary codeEvery humanities student not to mention teacher must read it


  8. says:

    Published in the 1940ths this is a work of a brilliant mindC S Lewis The Abolition of Man is also a timeless wake up call to all of usWhat does it means to be human?What about honor?Which values needs to be held up?Must we defend or surrender our way of life?For sure a work needed to be reread again and againEntertains and teach at the same timeI would say the right book for this timeHighly recommendableDean;


  9. says:

    This book is definitely one that gets better the times you read it I can remember understanding very little of it except the famous paragraph at the end of the first chapter the first time I read it “In a sort of ghastly simplicity we remove the organ and demand the function We make men without chests and expect of them virtue and enterprise We laugh at honour and are shocked to find traitors in our midst We castrate and bid the geldings be fruitful” Certainly that paragraph itself is worthy of 5 starsThis time around my fourth or fifth reading I read it with our new book club in view underlining and making notes for our group This helped me see it with fresh eyes I remembered how confusing it was the first time I read it and I was happy to realize of it made sense to me now Still can't say the whole thing was wide open to me but than beforeLet me add that today I believe the single most important message in this book is the use of the word 'debunking' by Lewis As Christians we often guilty of being debunkers and I believe it is a way that we undermine our message even as we are giving it We need to read this book often and ponder how we have joined the culture of debunking which is deadly


  10. says:

    After my second reading Can education influence morality? asks the back cover blurb Of course the musings of an Oxford don seventy years ago could not be relevant to the current state of education in America Or could it? For a reader already concerned about the downward spiral of the uality of our education this book will pour fuel on the fire The trends Lewis warned of in the 1940s now permeate our schools all of them The result may be men with unimaginable power but no moral compass by which to guide their actions Unlike many other Lewis books this is not a Christian apology In fact he claims that all historic cultures worldwide stand in opposition to the modern valueless approachOriginal review This is perhaps the most challenging of Lewis's books of essays but his thesis is clear modern education is creating men without chests that is they have brains and bowels and other lower urges but no heart