莊子 [Zhuāngzǐ] ePUB – 91videos.co

A Chinese Classic, The Chuang Tzu Was Written Sometime In The Th Century BC, And Consists Of Original Teachings, Stories, Tales And Jokes Told By Master Chuang, As Well As Others Which Have Coalesced Round His Name It Is Considered Second Only To The Tao Te Ching, But The Two Books Coundn T Be Different Where The Tao Te Ching Is Distant And Proverbial In Style, The Chuang Tze Buzzes With Life And With Insights, Often With Considerable Humour Behind Them


10 thoughts on “莊子 [Zhuāngzǐ]

  1. says:

    Following the Tao the Way is a method of being in the world but not of it This volume translates certain key texts of the Tao, here mostly short stories featuring the rich and powerful, their advisors, set up against the followers of the Way Followers of the Way don t chase after riches, follow ceremony or boast at their good fortune They also do not lament their penury or bad fortune They don t lose their temper needlessly, don t engage in argument or political debates, and don t devise schemes for getting some people to help others They follow their natural inclinations of the necessary and do what seems right They abide Frequently Confucius, the obsequious do gooder, rule maker, stander on ceremony and rites, gets the full treatment, when by all his officious interference, he makes things worse Why People who constantly seek after wealth and fame are bad for the health of society, but making rules for their behavior doesn t correct the problem, and probably just makes it worse, because people will inevitably come to believe that so long as they are following the rules, they have nothing to be ashamed of and everything to be proud of This volume frequently reminded me of Christian teaching, viz., as the Apostle Paul said, than once, For I am conscious of nothing against myself, yet I am not by this acquitted Or, if you prefer, If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us Or, as Jesus said, Let he among you who is without sin cast the first stone Or, if you prefer, Why do you look at the speck in your brother s eye, but do not notice the log in your own The blindness of pride is a constant problem everywhere The Way of the Tao is to fight against it by giving up on nearly everything, by eliminating the probable sources of pride, and trying to see the world in an entirely different way.


  2. says:

    When many think of the essential text of Taoism Daoism they think of the Tao Te Ching This is true However, if you really want to get inside of the tenets of philosophical daoism, you must read Chuang Tzu Please understand before you read that Chuang Tzu is a transformative text google it and so you will be changed in a significant way after reading The stories are simple but they plant important seeds in your mind Victor Mair does a superb job of presenting this transformative text.


  3. says:

    De Zhuang Zi is een bonte verzameling geschriften uit de 4e tot 3e eeuw v Chr over de Tao Deze Chinese filosofie is verre van eenduidig en de geschriften zijn zeer divers in hoe ze proberen te illustreren wat de tao nu eigenlijk is Dit gebeurt veelal in mythen, parabels en dialogen tussen historische figuren als Confucius en allegorische personages, met tot de verbeelding sprekende namen als duisterman afwezig , niemendal en tandeloos Vaak wordt ge llustreerd wat tao vooral niet is Thema s als afkeer van macht en bemoeienis met andere levens, acceptatie van het lot, het nietige bestaan in het licht van het oneindig grote heelal en de volmaaktheid die ontstaat met meditatie komen veelal langs.De Zhuang Zi staat echter niet op zichzelf, maar stoelt op oudere mythen en tradities en is ook een kritiek op oudere Chinese filosofie n, met name op die van de sofisten Dit levert niet altijd begrijpelijke teksten op, maar Kristofer Schipper is een droomvertaler, die niet alleen de teksten heeft omgezet in helder Nederlands, maar de lezer ook duiding geeft waar nodig in een extreem uitgebreid notenapparaat, zonder ergens maar belerend of overinterpreterend te worden.Niet alles in de Zhuang Zi is goud, maar op zijn best bevat deze Chinese bijbel van de tao krachtige verhaaltjes, mooie beelden, opvallend moderne denkbeelden, stof tot nadenken en een vrolijkere kijk op de absurdheid van het bestaan.


  4. says:

    Zhuangzi deliberately makes himself very hard to pin down, but here are some of the things that struck me.1 Zhuangzi is the Diogenes to Confucius Aristotle, to use a slightly fatuous analogy He disclaims ambition and self aggrandizement, and systems in favour of proverbs, anecdotes and clever subversion.2 Zhuangzi delights in paradox This one of the greatest pleasures in reading the book.3 Confucius and other sages appear in stories at various points, filling the purpose of sympathetic characters In Confucius case, this oddly puts him in the position of making fun of his own philosophy, against which Zhuangzi is intent on inveighing.4 I don t agree much with the philosophy theology expressed in this book, in as much as it can be expressed at all but I did enjoy it a lot anyway Note that I appreciate that the Book of Zhuangzi Chuang Tzu is not the sole work of a man of that name, but I refer to a he for convenience.


  5. says:

    Lovely poetic stories exemplifying key Daoist concepts Whereas the Tao Te Ching is pure symbolism and poetry, this is a collection of parables That means its a lot concrete As a result, it gets even explicitly anarchist than Laozi at times, but it also gets even explicitly bizarre condemning listening to complex music for example This has the famous Butterfly Dream parable in it, as well as the Turtle of Ch u parable, which were both excellent This is a good way for people to understand Daoism who can t handle the vagueness of the Tao Te Ching.Laozi may be the old master, but Zhuangzi is the one I d want to smoke with.


  6. says:

    I had built up this book so much in my mind, perhaps it was inevitable that I would be disappointed in it I really wanted to like it I ve felt for a long time that I had some affinity with Daoist ideas mostly from reading Dao De Jing, Smullyan s The Tao is Silent, and Le Guin s The Lathe of Heaven I m drawn to the attitude, similar to Hellenistic Skepticism, of withholding judgment on things going on around you, and I like the gentle but pronounced disdain for those things often held in esteem by the world again something Daoism has in common with some Hellenistic philosophies And, I had heard over and over that Zhuangzi was the earthier cousin of the gnomic Dao De Jing I m sad to say that this whole book felt like a slog for me I would have quit partway through if it weren t so widely seen as a classic It s possible some of the blame is with the translation it was hard for me to get a sense of what people thought of different translations, so I went for a safe choice with the Penguin edition It s possible a different translator could do to bring it alive for me It s also very likely that some of the blame lies with me, and in particular, with my insistence on reading it cover to cover rather than keeping it around as something to dip into once in a while But I also think some of the fault comes from the text itself With a couple of rare exceptions, I didn t find the stories in it to be earthy or accessible indeed, I d hardly characterize them as stories at all A typical passage just involves a dialog between two characters where some ideas of Daoism are touched upon Of course a dialog can be a great literary form, but I found these pieces too fragmentary to really develop ideas Perhaps that is just a non Daoist form of communication But at the same time, they weren t at all memorable parable type stories About a month after having finished the book, it s hard for me to remember many specific stories from it.So, I don t know Four stars for the ideas, but two stars for the style, maybe The most memorable idea for me, which reappears often in slightly different forms, is the following Things that are useful , particularly exemplary individuals of a certain form, are the first to be destroyed, while weak or flawed individuals are likely to be left alone For example, a woodcutter going into a forest is likely to seek out the tallest, straightest tree and cut it down So although we would commonly call this the best tree, it s certainly not best for the tree At first the moral of this story might seem obvious, but I think it s actually pretty subtle and difficult to pin down, and therefore fruitful For example, occasionally this story will be accompanied by a side comment that, actually, the worst instances are also likely to be destroyed because they are wasting space or whatever So it s not as though there s some simple moral like be a slacker For me, these stories are meant to get the reader thinking critically about our concept of usefulness, and what classes of things we do or don t apply it to There s actually quite a bit of resonance with some of the ideas in Jemisin s The Stone Sky, where she introduces but then subtly problematizes a civilization that is built around the channeling of biological energy, and the dichotomy of reverence and instrumentalization.


  7. says:

    Chuang Tzu correctly rendered as Zhuang Zi is perhaps the second most important figure in Daoism after the possibly Mythic Lao Zi The book of Chuang Tzu henceforth referred to as Zhuang Zi is a collection of anecdotes, stories, and analogies of Zhuang Zi s teachings on how to achieve the Tao, or the way.The Tao, Dao, or Way is essentially the same concept as found in Tao Te Ching or Dao De Jing but is elaborated so, and as such, is accessible.The origin and precise canonization of this book is unsure, as Zhuang Zi often refers to himself in the third person, and it makes reference to Confucius and Lao Zi, who appear in the stories, however as metaphorical figures rather than some actual historical account.The translation is very good and readable, the only defect is that it insists on using the outdated and phonetically inaccurate Wade Giles Romanization system This may not be such a defect for those in the West who are using the book purely for scholarly or personal reasons, however try speaking with any Wade Giles word the way it is phonetically rendered to a Chinese person, and you will not be understood.Essentially, Daoism is an ascetic philosophy or religion, depending on one s definition and this book the second most important after Tao Te Ching is perhaps a better introduction to Daoism, and lays out the essentially ascetic philosophy of personal contentment, adaptation and harmony.By no means an easy read, and a book that needs revisiting, and re examining, but a very good book for those who want to further understand Daoism, or Chinese thinking in general.Note however that the Daoist school of thought is very different, and in many ways, at odds with the Legalist school of thought Confucius, Mencius and as such gives one a different view of Chinese philosophy than the over reaching and all encompassing Confucian societal structure However, essential reading for those who wish to understand the spiritual aspects of Chinese thought.


  8. says:

    Understanding is not understanding 302 such is Chaung Tzu s flavour of scepticism It goes far beyond Descartes to put them on the same spectrum would be like asking both Tom Cruise and a cucumber to audition for the same role One might also say it goes far beyond what is healthy when someone says a thing like, It is dangerous to use any of your faculties 222 , it s hard not to cry paranoia Knowledge, to Chuang Tzu, seems to be by definition a deception And yet it s also hard to say that Chaung Tzu is deceiving himself The question, is it knowledge knowledge has never been asked in so clear headed and so entertaining a way Everything in the world knows how to seek for knowledge that they do not have, but do not know how to find what they already know This is what causes such immense confusion 80 So, Chuang Tzu is calling knowledge a succubus But before we say that it s only because he s jealous she s teasing you and not himself, consider could not it rather be that he sees so clearly the glorious thing she is tempting us away from Myself, I can t see it so clearly but I can see that Chuang Tzu does and that s why I love this book even if you don t get the Tao , you get to spend time with a great mind One whose inner being is fixed upon such greatness emits a Heavenly glow 203 , he writes The glow is here It overflows, spills over you I could not read than a few pages at a time before getting the sense that it was useless to read It s not like philosophy, in which a concept is grasped or not grasped this is a different beast To read this book over the course of six months, keeping it always by my bedside for nights of insomnia and mornings of contemplation, has been one of the wilder experiences of my life.


  9. says:

    The book of Chuang TzuHe says what we hold dear for which we even commit our own life is often not Tao Obsession with honor, wealth, power as well as knowledge blind our spiritual eyes to see true purpose and meaning of life Without intervention and supervision, spring follows winter Day follows night Flowers bloom Form which every life springs up and through which we can peek what Tao is In this sense, righteousness and benevolence, he warns, do harm than good on balance some disguises what they are actually doing in the name of righteousness some ends up messing up with what might have been better otherwise History is strewn thick with those evidences Once upon a time there was one silly man who was afraid of his shadow Thus he ran as fast as he could to escape from it He ran and ran until he could not run any longer, his death How far are we different from him We have long been educated, cultured, doctrinated to have judgement and preference for whatever that can be dichotomied light and darkness, good and evil, unsavory and delicious, poor and rich, low and high status the list can go on and on We live in Tao when we are benevolently negligent We go astray when we are ignorantly well intentioned.


  10. says:

    This book is so quotable This is one of the best chinese texts I ve ever read, and one of the most famous ones It s probably the most fun to read too Zhuangzi and the anonymous writers talk about and poke fun at different philosophers and ideas of the time He they explain their philosophy through short stories and anecdotes, often featuring legendary chinese rulers and other characters Some of the most memorable passages have Confucious, probably the most praised philosopher and statesman in chinese history, being portrayed as an arrogant fool Someone obsessed by rituals and meaningless things, he s too distracted acquiring knowledge and bossing people around, he clearly doesn t know the Way Burton Watson s notes are valuable for explaining and making clear certain sentences and passages in the work.