PDF Dancing in the Glory of Monsters PDF/EPUB ¸ the Glory » 91videos.co

At the heart of Africa is Congo a country the size of Western Europe bordering nine other nations that since 1996 has been wracked by a brutal and unstaunchable war in which millions have died And yet despite its epic proportions it has received little sustained media attention In this deeply reported book Jason Stearns vividly tells the story of this misunderstood conflict through the experiences of those who engineered and perpetrated it He depicts village pastors who survived massacres the child soldier assassin of President Kabila a female Hutu activist who relives the hunting and methodical extermination of fellow refugees and key architects of the war that became as great a disaster as and was a direct conseuence of the genocide in neighboring Rwanda Through their stories he tries to understand why such mass violence made sense and why stability has been so elusiveThrough their voices and an astonishing wealth of knowledge and research Stearns chronicles the political social and moral decay of the Congolese State


10 thoughts on “Dancing in the Glory of Monsters

  1. ifdS]xP]Ԉ'y1&> #_ Wj0UpwL[^9( ~N.w="Pux[Gfc+j*14 nN)ݨjwU}!LN75O{B/5JhBSwdʠC :4c @v~.YoNGE-҆'6ʠlv8dk5Kڤl#%,2EYQ{8^j'1 bXS TP^MUjt `څLMj|xHfk3K @`eQs(C4'7!uS/3Gmgzb7IZL&3~wYTFךf/v&2$]Z ,e _9*! rج2[OA:}GC-%]=a%6l6s1~9 (nbVچ# 赁9 BgT>k+Jv+}1O 3|72z8nDvhfJVZiҼt!Mf[ͺ 3Û0C3KU= SAijTyyغked36l6bqxz//%yyye7Ly{;4 j^ gf"bX{z!2wTl;{J* Go<@10@ 0!1"3&h   c/`'v{799Q㸛qᒶs^5.TJCKΖF3c*xзlvH[q79<9ǰa\SKgӱӀrd4t+{>+)A7%! 1"0AQ2@@B6YJ5N)Lb>mop=؃5 ^,~DIbc.㵽m_rӰiݬN3qٌ_F}5+{JWHw2,|=<-["Tk؋/ӟ6dps+^1,;g+gӟ:sOC\mwvaW ƥf%Zmuc|B}JTV Ul4z+UjVfB*LLu c Pl͕v"NS;g-3*FU-^d5yڵQ|ء\ؚKnE9c Bk=2W33;6[ZZ+*Oً|@qP0p0@0!1#$$% .46&(+/h $Cv l䳐ku x~sg5& Rv;|L}Tu[|6eRۯjl,X{n#liqJ:"ȧ40NC]1jNҍSE3FPOBȨa=M|fQPa0W`9ad2 P%A 6gJ Y q{LD%ѭ t SG r˃;Iz-3 ]EW!4y ;Mل/Cί! %7Mo ƲmB#9am7ySD!LDFłV"⾥ObGZVQP\>l+Xٯ4')\F8uYD߲\.u)Ϣ/5C]Zh}S쫍"2sp;TX] A= L!u3 Jgm8A3mφO`}!rv:7`J7c-ծJfb@-:vgPY *z`HD* fզɗ2Ί IfbNUG됊V7^ɎW`i5x@g;<-V85Ci ScC LCAMF,~rkwӦaZtT0>Q}31Rʆ-dUDUf;ܹhnqo0%\C F9y[y!ESY%DQur5SͳLn +to.HlK(x9!30#ڣ8B1YMN"iǘz"#dj>y8bmdm V0<d+a| rPQIH.fF+ a7'6Cʮ!'i4JC 3Fe akE-Pɕ\NA ~L]:O 2d۽7b: }X 2Ne*אHEUG1a] i$eC@n)U3"MGlu<r댠 , U2^  ۝g%".k]$,gPB[{(e;9{K1&`s8)3=ؒ=@P.ܕ׻j9UA7HCWDwAmFi$k"|n!y2Cꉢ WMD":p.[y-HKN-^꽌19XLY pB#r )aŚG-l -JlV;m8M1 ^L.)?IQ}m # ?(1EnΡZ!1@6!}#;٦!j3!aUoC #Ԧ95T b}. Wj"O sP*݁y1%JeY^`Z7@@VV ʡa!v<[ Z&fh(\a;3,R k3PX\TGWJ"A\h)n ?g _dlxeq "9elo`bM5Q $G10%؍aeN@sEB&̴dV/-2^ۈ-X4$K|-e6"Iٗpie [ bHŖOM 셐 qbRMh8`8GkչS-ǶВ+8FEM"fh+Q\̨)<ŷXVao}@LBki'0?Ap;1R q;m(w<J _#-{ QF{Cs}&"l!wIew K4l8F.Iz9~ 0RcQJkNЄU; GV=T˖(y5@:>'j~S7'64EY|8<`hew}ٜF Lf]6$r_UmݙZ ƾh*s~Jᖿ,l?`-@3:Md2&C^9ɇ4%J,_Fz@GK+T`enx1)QfmV1C1ny[36qR08Ʉ~ۻu*%BIXA @,RuektAƑ_ 7zQ d4` [$<&GcQsqKFS+| ZMNqA1J,+0Lwq2a *t!hcX{P\Tщ6Av"b7#k/8_ydސ-v-pQڌmBWLLtE֦9ʻb_PyJ\m.K=2k `I8 ;>'rzҲ%q ˝wb|hxfy5֙r#Ւsa*1leSXB}̀'+ͧUY33 AAwUWD@DDGHʇG ?$t&  (@n.=S5ݡra!Ӣ\}՞f=ۣxF:Z$u;z_!w Qh|3d:[nr_HOՑBȂr^NV" srcset=">d`l$$( ( ,,$,(,,,8@0(,4L\T@PifdS]xP]Ԉ'y1&> #_ Wj0UpwL[^9( ~N.w="Pux[Gfc+j*14 nN)ݨjwU}!LN75O{B/5JhBSwdʠC :4c @v~.YoNGE-҆'6ʠlv8dk5Kڤl#%,2EYQ{8^j'1 bXS TP^MUjt `څLMj|xHfk3K @`eQs(C4'7!uS/3Gmgzb7IZL&3~wYTFךf/v&2$]Z ,e _9*! rج2[OA:}GC-%]=a%6l6s1~9 (nbVچ# 赁9 BgT>k+Jv+}1O 3|72z8nDvhfJVZiҼt!Mf[ͺ 3Û0C3KU= SAijTyyغked36l6bqxz//%yyye7Ly{;4 j^ gf"bX{z!2wTl;{J* Go<@10@ 0!1"3&h   c/`'v{799Q㸛qᒶs^5.TJCKΖF3c*xзlvH[q79<9ǰa\SKgӱӀrd4t+{>+)A7%! 1"0AQ2@@B6YJ5N)Lb>mop=؃5 ^,~DIbc.㵽m_rӰiݬN3qٌ_F}5+{JWHw2,|=<-["Tk؋/ӟ6dps+^1,;g+gӟ:sOC\mwvaW ƥf%Zmuc|B}JTV Ul4z+UjVfB*LLu c Pl͕v"NS;g-3*FU-^d5yڵQ|ء\ؚKnE9c Bk=2W33;6[ZZ+*Oً|@qP0p0@0!1#$$% .46&(+/h $Cv l䳐ku x~sg5& Rv;|L}Tu[|6eRۯjl,X{n#liqJ:"ȧ40NC]1jNҍSE3FPOBȨa=M|fQPa0W`9ad2 P%A 6gJ Y q{LD%ѭ t SG r˃;Iz-3 ]EW!4y ;Mل/Cί! %7Mo ƲmB#9am7ySD!LDFłV"⾥ObGZVQP\>l+Xٯ4')\F8uYD߲\.u)Ϣ/5C]Zh}S쫍"2sp;TX] A= L!u3 Jgm8A3mφO`}!rv:7`J7c-ծJfb@-:vgPY *z`HD* fզɗ2Ί IfbNUG됊V7^ɎW`i5x@g;<-V85Ci ScC LCAMF,~rkwӦaZtT0>Q}31Rʆ-dUDUf;ܹhnqo0%\C F9y[y!ESY%DQur5SͳLn +to.HlK(x9!30#ڣ8B1YMN"iǘz"#dj>y8bmdm V0<d+a| rPQIH.fF+ a7'6Cʮ!'i4JC 3Fe akE-Pɕ\NA ~L]:O 2d۽7b: }X 2Ne*אHEUG1a] i$eC@n)U3"MGlu<r댠 , U2^  ۝g%".k]$,gPB[{(e;9{K1&`s8)3=ؒ=@P.ܕ׻j9UA7HCWDwAmFi$k"|n!y2Cꉢ WMD":p.[y-HKN-^꽌19XLY pB#r )aŚG-l -JlV;m8M1 ^L.)?IQ}m # ?(1EnΡZ!1@6!}#;٦!j3!aUoC #Ԧ95T b}. Wj"O sP*݁y1%JeY^`Z7@@VV ʡa!v<[ Z&fh(\a;3,R k3PX\TGWJ"A\h)n ?g _dlxeq "9elo`bM5Q $G10%؍aeN@sEB&̴dV/-2^ۈ-X4$K|-e6"Iٗpie [ bHŖOM 셐 qbRMh8`8GkչS-ǶВ+8FEM"fh+Q\̨)<ŷXVao}@LBki'0?Ap;1R q;m(w<J _#-{ QF{Cs}&"l!wIew K4l8F.Iz9~ 0RcQJkNЄU; GV=T˖(y5@:>'j~S7'64EY|8<`hew}ٜF Lf]6$r_UmݙZ ƾh*s~Jᖿ,l?`-@3:Md2&C^9ɇ4%J,_Fz@GK+T`enx1)QfmV1C1ny[36qR08Ʉ~ۻu*%BIXA @,RuektAƑ_ 7zQ d4` [$<&GcQsqKFS+| ZMNqA1J,+0Lwq2a *t!hcX{P\Tщ6Av"b7#k/8_ydސ-v-pQڌmBWLLtE֦9ʻb_PyJ\m.K=2k `I8 ;>'rzҲ%q ˝wb|hxfy5֙r#Ւsa*1leSXB}̀'+ͧUY33 AAwUWD@DDGHʇG ?$t&  (@n.=S5ݡra!Ӣ\}՞f=ۣxF:Z$u;z_!w Qh|3d:[nr_HOՑBȂr^NV" class="avatar avatar-100 photo amp-wp-enforced-sizes" height="100" width="100" layout="intrinsic"> says:

    It's often claimed that the Congo Wars are too confusing for outsiders to understand PshawIt's really quite simple The RFP pushed into DRC in the guise of the AFDL originally pursuing ex FAR Naturally with UNITA and FLEC in the area Angola had an interest in getting involved and Uganda was wrestling with the WNBLF UMLA the ADM and of course the NALU the Burundians meanwhile were contending with the FDD and FNL all of whom were laden with RPGs and AKs OK? After Kabila père turned on them Rwanda backed the RCD until it splintered at which point the RCD A and RCD O went one way while the RCD N won support from Kampala on the QT Bemba who was running the MLC like an IPO was in the middle The UN and EU were not sure who to help and the ICRC IMF and NGOs like MSF were reporting widespread FUBAR leading most commentators to conclude simply WTFJason Stearns a journalist who worked for a decade in the Congo including for the UN and various human rights organisations is only moderately successful in unpicking the tangle of the two conflicts which between 1996 and 2003 killed around five million people He is much stronger though in making the general point that the violence in the Congo however complex does in fact result from comprehensible social and political conditions and that these need to be examined it must not be left to the ascription of some inexplicable African capacity for evil or savagery which is the implication that lies behind much coverage of the warsThey are not alien they are not evil they are not beyond our comprehension The principal actors are far from just savages mindlessly killing and being killed but thinking breathing Homines sapientes whose actions however abhorrent are underpinned by political rationales and motivesSo let me have another run at summarising what happenedThe Congo Wars began as a sequel to the genocide in Rwanda when thousands of Hutu refugees fled over the border into eastern Zaire as it was then called Because perpetrators of the genocide were among these refugees the Rwandans crossed the border to hunt them down and the international community feeling somewhat guilty about having done so little during the Rwandan genocide mostly let them do itSeeking to give this incursion legitimacy the Rwandans along with Uganda who had their own motives for getting involved now picked from obscurity a minor Congolese rebel then living in exile called Laurent Kabila and made him the head of a new rebel group called the AFDL This was presented as a home grown rebellion against President Mobutu but really it was an elaborate fig leaf for Rwandan and Ugandan invasion With this foreign support Kabila made it to Kinshasa deposed Mobutu and became president having paused en route to slaughter all the Hutu refugees in the countryThe international community starting to lose track of who was supposed to be the goodies and baddies in this story again did very littleKabila was a fairly weak president since he'd come to power with little local support Whipping up some nationalist fervour he now ordered all foreign powers out of the country and turned his guns on the Rwandans and Ugandans who had brought him to power They were annoyed Apart from anything else they had been profiting handsomely from the eastern Congo's mineral wealth So they simply invaded again and began busily supporting whatever local rebellions they could find To make matters confusing Rwanda and Uganda also fell out with each other which meant they were both funding different rebel groups which now fought against each other as well as against the Congolese army and all of these groups were framing their arguments in divisively ethnic termsWhat becomes abundantly clear reading through the details of these messy conflicts is the absence of any functioning state in the Congo The Economist once commented that it wasn't a country but rather a ‘Zaire shaped hole in the middle of Africa’ and you soon start realising that the comparisons are not with other countries around the world now but with the Italian states familiar to Machiavelli or with seventeenth century Germany Nothing that a state needs to do is done There are for instance only two thousand miles of paved road in what is the world's twelfth largest country The tax system is not designed to finance the state but is set deliberately high to encourage bribes to local officials a World Bank report found that if you actually paid all your taxes in DRC you would be shelling out 230 percent of your profits so the entire economy is shifted into the informal sector But most of all the Congo is not able to assume the monopoly on violence that we expect from a nation state and local militia and foreign proxies fill the vacuum in their dozensThis background is important When lazy articles boil DRC down to a series of shock images – violent gang rapes women forced to eat their dead babies and so on – these things happen but they are not the result of evil monsters but the result quite predictable of generations of intertribal violence and state weakness Reading about such scenes – and Stearns without being gratuitous does not shy away from some extremely upsetting close ups – I realised that I had been reading about exactly the same thing in a European context a few months ago when I was boning up on the Thirty Years' WarSometimes in here we can almost catch the cycle taking place in front of us One of Stearns's interviewees a young man who ran off to join a local AFDL unit – little than a group of armed kids in the forest – describes the horrific brutalisation that new recruits were put through something that in a way represents the brutalisation of all young men in a society so regularly at war the hazing the beating the constant reinforcement of the duty to kill and beyond that to exercise cruelty This is drummed into you Every weakness is penalised and every misdemeanour exploitedAfter committing a minor infraction Kizito was told to step in front of his fellow recruits and dig a small hole in the pitch ““This is your vagina’ the commander said ‘Take out your dick and fuck it’” Kizito told me blushing and looking down In front of all of his fellow recruits he was forced to hump the hole until he ejaculated “In front of all those people it was almost impossible” he muttered At sixteen he was still a virginA few weeks later at graduation they were made to slit the throats of some captured prisoners Then they were soldiers and real menThose who go on to be responsible for atrocities or massacres here justify themselves in much the same way as we've seen in Cambodia or Nazi Germany or anywhere else they were professionals who followed the orders they were given One RPF officer discussing the mass slaughter of Hutu refugees quite cheerfully explains how he went about it“We could do over a hundred a day” Papy told me I had a hard time believing him it seemed so outrageous “We used ropes it was the fastest way and we didn't spill blood Two of us would place a guy on the ground wrap a rope around his neck once then pull hard” It would break the victim's windpipe and then strangle him to death There was little noise or fussBut trying to ascribe blame in this plexus of revenge and counter counterinsurgency is even in individual cases almost impossible Even the victims asked to address the matter of responsibility are overwhelmedI asked him whom he blamed for their deaths He shrugged “There are too many people to blame Mobutu for ruining our country Rwanda and Uganda for invading it Ourselves for letting them do so None of that will help bring my children back”How western countries and international agencies should insert themselves into this situation is a complicated question Stearns is sceptical about aid seeing it too often as a way of assuaging guilt without dealing with problems at the root level which is to say in terms of political structures ‘All development’ he points out I think rightly ‘is deeply political By taking over the financing of most public services donors take pressure off the Congolese government to respond to the needs of its citizens’ He cannot find any really new solutions but he does point to tighter regulation of international business as one area that could easily make a difference at the moment too many companies can turn a blind eye to the source of their coltan or copper and industry guidelines about how such minerals are produced are just not very firmly enforcedThe Congo's problems will only start to turn around through new relationships between the people the politicians and businesses and outside elements need to think carefully about how they are affecting this process instead of just chucking money into the whirlpool Ultimately he thinks ‘We simply do not care enough’He does care and for those who want to understand the region better his book makes a good starting point By focusing on the war the book unfortunately does nothing to deconstruct the constant harmful equation between the Congo and conflict – but at least you come away from it feeling a little informed and a little less like the whole thing is just an inexplicable bloody mess